This short little ‘minor prophet’ book contains three messages preached by Haggai over a period of several months (August, October, and December), to the returning Jewish remnant.
The LORD stirred the heart of Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, to begin work on the rebuilding of the glorious house of the LORD of hosts (Yahweh of armies). Many things stand out in this prophecy:
- The restoration of this latter temple shall be greater than the former (The temple of Solomon). That is because during the times of Herod the presence of Jesus the Messiah would be in it (Matthew 12:6 and John 2:13-22).
- Zerubbael is compared to a signet ring (a seal of royal authority or personal ownership). Back in Jeremiah (22:24-25) God said that if Jehoiachin (Zerubbabel’s grandfather) were His signet ring, He would pluck it off Him. Possibly the LORD is saying through Haggai; He is reversing the curse pronounced on Jehoiachin?
- Zerubabel is in the line of messsianic descent (Matthew 1:12). Evidently, Haggai is presenting Zerubabel in a representative role in typifying (a type of) Messiah?
In any case, the temple will be rebuilt and filled with the glory of the Lord!
The final Son of David will rule the earth in peace and righteousness!
Therefore, Haggai’s message is for God’s people to be faithful now to the task to which He has called them.