The book of Joel is about current (in Joel’s day) events, and future events. There seems to be three future “days” prophesied throughout the little book:
- The day of Pentecost (2:28-32).
- The day of the Lord–a title for the Great Tribulation (2:1-21; 3:1-16).
- The day of Christ–a title for the Millennium (The thousand year reign of Christ on earth, also known as the Kingdom) (2:22-27; 3:17-21)
The famous prophecy of Joel 2:28-32 is stated in the New Testament book of Acts 2:16-21. Supposing the Jewish believers were drunk with wine, Peter claims that they were not drunk, but rather “This is what was spoken of by the Prophet Joel.” However, the prophecies of Joel quoted in Acts 2:19-20 were not completely fulfilled. Why?
Certainly the first part of Joel’s prophecy was fulfilled. Clearly, there was an outpouring of the Spirit. But there was a contingency for the rest of the prophecy. Peter’s exhortation was for the nation of Israel to repent. Was Peter saying in Acts 3:19-21 that if the nation repented, God’s kingdom would have come to earth? It appears so.
Apparently the Kingdom offer was still on the table for Israel. Some disagree on the basis that the kingdom truth would be in the Church Age. Although some state that chuch truth was found before the church began at Pentecost (Matthew 16:18; 18:17; John 10:16; 14:20).
“The solution appears to be that the book of Acts is a bridge book–bridging the work of Christ on earth with His work through the church on earth.”1
1 Toussaint, Stanley D. “Acts.” The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures. Ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985. Print.